EeMAaN AND KUFR-(Excerpts from Beleif In Allah) -Sheikh Umar Al AshQar

EeMAaN AND KUFR-(Excerpts from Beleif In Allah) -Sheikh Umar Al AshQar

1)                    Ruling on Rejection of ‘Aqeedah

He who rejects ‘aqeedah altogether, such as the communists who deny the existence of Allah, reject the Messengers and the Books, and do not believe in the Hereafter and reward and punishment, or who denies part of the ‘aqeedah, is a kaafir(disbeliever) and is not a Muslim. He should be told that the Islamic ‘aqeedah can never be accepted in part, because the whole is so strongly interconnected.

Belief in Allah requires that one believe also in the angels, the Books, the Messengers and the Last Day. Belief in the Books requires that one believe in all the other basic principles of faith {usool al-eemaan). Belief in the Messenger (s.a.w) means that one believes and accepts all that he brought... Hence Allah considers the person who believes in one principle and denies another as being a kaafir.

Allah (s.w.t),the All-Glorious, says:

“Verily, those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers and wish to make distinction between Allah and His Messengers [by believing in Allah and disbelieving in His Messengers] saying, “We believe in some but reject others,” and wish to adopt a way in between. They are in truth disbelievers...(Qur’an 4: 150-151)

Disbelieving in some of the minor issues of ‘aqeedah which have been proven definitively in the Qur’an or Sunnah is also counted as kufr (disbelief), such as denying one of the Messengers or one of the Angels.

2)                    Actions and Words Which arc Counted as Kufr (Disbelief)

Kufr does not consist only of denying basic principles of ‘aqeedah. There are certain actions which, if done, are also kufr. They may be summed up in one phrase: “worshipping others besides Allah.” Worship is the right of Allah alone, and directing worship to anyone or anything other than Allah is shirk (polytheism), such as praying to anything other than Allah, offering sacrifice to anything other than Allah, calling upon anything or anyone other than Allah etc.

A man may become a kaafir (disbeliever) by uttering words which insult the Creator, Glorified and Exalted be He, or Islam, or the Prophet, or words which make fun of Islam, or which give preference to misguided principles such as communism or Buddhism, or deviant religions such as Judaism or Christianity over Islam, or which accuse Islam of being imperfect, backward and reactionary.

3)        Attitude Towards the Kuffaar (Disbelievers)

The Muslim should regard the kuffaar as enemies and hate them because of their kufr. Just as he hates their kufr (disbelief) itself. He should oppose this falsehood and its followers by speaking out clearly, and by calling them to the truth. He should explain to them their misguided state, and show them the truth, explaining it to them clearly and confidently. Even though we hate the disbelievers, we want them to be guided and we hope that they will be.

There are rulings concerning the kuffaar which are explained in the books of fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence). For example, we do not let them marry Muslim women, we do not marry any of their women except those of the People of the Book, and we do not wash their dead or pray for them...

4)        The Kaafir before Allah

The person who hears of Islam, and knowingly rejects it is a kaafir (disbeliever) who will abide in the Hell-Fire forever, for he will have no excuse on the Day of Resurrection.

Those who do not hear of Islam for whatever reason, such as living in remote areas or because they have lost their hearing and sight, or because Islam reached them when they were too old to understand, will not be punished on the Day of Resurrection until they have been tried and tested, because the proof did not reach them. Allah, the Almighty, says:

“..And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger [to give warning].”      (Qur’an                17:15)

The evidence that they will be tested is the hadith narrated by Al- Aswad ibn Saree‘, who said: “The Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said:

There are four who will be tested on the Day of Resurrection: the deaf man who could not hear anything; the imbecile; the senile old man; and the man who died during the fatarah (interval between two Prophets, when no Message reached him). The deaf man will say, “0 Lord, Islam came and I did not hear anything.” The imbecile will say, “ه Lord, Islam came but the young boys were pelting me with camel dung.” The senile old man will say, “0 Lord, Islam came and I did not hear anything.” The man who died during the fatarah will say, “O Lord, no Messenger came to me.” Then Allah will take their pledge to obey Him, and He will send word to them to enter the fire. By the One in Whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, if they enter it, it will be cool and safe for them.”

Last modified onSunday, 24 April 2016 07:06
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