The first principle of ‘aqeedah is belief in Allah. This is the most important principle of belief and action, and it is the focal point of Islam and the essence of the Qur’an. We would not be exaggerating if we said that the whole of the Qur’an speaks about this belief, because the Qur’an either speaks directly about Allah (s.w.t), and His Essence, Names, Attributes and actions, as in Aayaat al-Kursi and Soorah al- Ikhlaas.
Or it calls mankind to worship Him Alone, with no partner or associate, and to give up the worship of false gods - all of which has to do with telling about Allah, calling for the fulfillment of our duties toward Him and forbidding the direction of worship to anyone else.
Or it commands us to obey Him and forbids us to disobey Him, which are the obligations of faith.
Or it tells us about the people of faith and the honour that was bestowed upon them in this world, and how they are rewarded in the Hereafter. This is the reward of the people who believe in Allah.
Or it tells us about the kaafireen — disbelievers — and how Allah humiliates them in this world, and what He will do to them in the Hereafter, in the abode of punishment. This is the punishment for turning away from belief.
So the entire Qur’an speaks about belief in Allah. This explains why we find that Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an, by one or another of His Names and Attributes, 10,062 times; on every page of the Qur’an, He is mentioned approximately twenty times on average.
We can say that belief in Allah, in relation to all the other principles and minor matters of faith is like the root of a tree in relation to its trunk and branches. It is the basis of all other principles, the foundation of the religion. The more a person has faith in Allah, the more he is progressing in Islam.
Issues of Belief in Allah
The issues of this topic which the researcher must examine and discuss are as follows:
Firstly: He must examine the evidence that Allah (s.w.t) exists, and refute the specious arguments that have been raised in this respect.
Secondly: He must know about Allah (s.w.t), which is achieved in two ways in the Qur’an:
1) Understanding the wonders in creation which point to the greatness of Allah’s power and the perfection of His creation.
2) Studying the aayaat (verses) of the Qur’an which speak directly of Allah, His essence. His Names, His attributes and His actions.
Thirdly: He must affirm that Allah alone is the only One to be worshipped, with no partner or associate, and reject anything else that is worshipped instead of Him.
Fourthly: He should look at the history of belief in Divinity and examine what has been said on this topic.