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19.Gratitude in the Qur’ân [Patience and gratitude-Imaam Ibn Qayyim al jawziyyah]

19.Gratitude in the Qur’ân [Patience and gratitude-Imaam Ibn Qayyim al jawziyyah]

It was reported that the prophet (sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam) stayed up all night, standing
until his feet became swollen. When he was asked,
“why are you doing this, when allâh has forgiven
all your past and future wrong actions? ” he
replied, “should i not be a grateful slave? ”
(al-bukhârî, muslim)


the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) told
mu‘âdh (radiallahu anhu): “by allâh, i love you,
so do not forget to say at the end of every salâh,
‘o allâh, help me to remember you and to give
thanks to you and to worship you well’” (ahmad,
at-tirmidhî).

hishâm ibn ‘urwah said: “among the du‘â of the
prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) is: ‘o
allâh, help me to remember you, to give thanks to
you and to worship you well. ’”

ibn ‘abbâs (radiallahu anhu) narrated that the
prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “there
are four qualities, whoever is given them has
truly been given the best in this world and the
next. They are: a grateful heart (that is thankful
to allâh), a remembering tongue (that mentions
allâh often), an enduring body (to persevere
through the trials which allâh may send), and a
faithful wife (who does not cheat him of her body
or his wealth). ”

al-qâsim ibn muhammad reported from ‘ā’ishah
(radiallahu anha) that the prophet (sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam)said: “no blessing is bestowed on
a slave and he realizes that it is from allâh, but
the reward of giving gratitude for it is written
for him. Never does allâh know the regret of his
slave for a wrong action he has committed, but
allâh forgives his wrong action before the slave
seeks forgiveness. No man buys a garment with his
own money then puts it on and thanks allâh, but
allâh will have forgiven him all his wrong action
before the garment reaches his knees. ”

the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
“allâh is pleased with his slave if, when he eats
something, he thanks allâh for it, and when he
drinks something, he thanks allâh for it”
(muslim).

shu‘bah said: “at-fadl ibn fudalah narrated that
abû rajah al ‘utaridî said: ‘once we saw ‘imrân
ibn al-husayn wearing beautiful clothes that we
have never seen before or since. ‘imrân told us
that the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)
said: “if allâh bestows his blessing on his slave,
he likes to see the effect of that blessing on
him. ”

ibn shu‘aib narrated from his father and
grandfather that the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam) said: “eat, drink, and give sadaqah
without being extravagant or showing off, as allâh
likes to see the effect of his blessing on his
slave. ”
shu‘bah narrated from abu ishâq from abu’l-akhwas
who narrated that his father said: “i came to the
messenger of allâh (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)
looking dishevelled and scruffy. He asked me, ‘do
you have any possessions? ’ i said, ‘yes. ’ he
asked me what sort, and i told him, ‘i have all
sorts. Allâh has given me camels, horses, slaves
and sheep. ’ the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam) said: ‘if allâh has given you all of
that,then let him see his blessing on you. ’”

abu’d-dunyâ narrated the hadîth of abû
‘abdi’r-rahmân as-silmî from ash-sha‘bî, from
an-nu‘man ibn bashîr,who said: “the messenger of
allâh (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
‘speaking of allâh’s blessing is gratitude and
ignoring it is ingratitude (kufr). The one who
does not give thanks for a small blessing will not
give thanks for a great blessing, and the one who
does not give thanks to people will not give
thanks to allâh. To be with a group is a blessing,
and to be alone is a punishment. ’”

ibn abi’d-dunyâ narrated that ‘ā’ishah
(radiallahu anha) said that the prophet
(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) entered upon her one
day and saw a small piece of bread on the floor,
so he picked it up and wiped it, then told her: “o
‘ā’ishah, treat the blessings of allâh w

allâh tells us: “then remember me; i will remember
you. Be grateful to me, and do not reject me”

(al-baqarah 2:152).

 

and he has told us that only those who are
grateful to him truly worship him:

“. . . And be grateful to allâh, if it is him you
worship” (al-baqarah 2:172)

 

allâh has mentioned gratitude alongside îmân, and
has made it clear that he gains nothing from
punishing his

people if they give thanks to him and believe in
him:

“what can allâh gain by your punishment, if you
are grateful and you believe? . . . ” (an-nisâ’
4:147)

in other words: if you carry out the duties for
which you were created, namely gratitude and îmân,
why should allâh punish you?

 

allâh has divided people into two categories, the
people of gratitude (shukr) and the people of
ingratitude (kufr).

the thing most disliked by him is kufr and the
people of kufr, the thing most liked by him is
gratitude and the

people of gratitude:

“we showed him (i. E. Man) the way: whether he be
grateful or ungrateful (rests on his will).
”(al-insân 76:3)

 

according to the qur’ân, the prophet sulaymân
(alayhi sallam) said:

“. . . This is by the grace of my lord! - to test
me whether i am grateful or ungrateful! And if any
is grateful, truly his

gratitude is (a gain) for his own soul; but if any
is ungrateful, truly my lord is free of all needs,
supreme in

honour! ” (an- naml 27: 40)

 

and allâh said:

“and remember! Your lord caused to be declared
(publicly): ‘if you are grateful, i will add more
(favours) unto

you; but if you show ingratitude, truly my
punishment is terrible indeed’” (ibrâhîm 14:7).

 

“if you reject (allâh), truly allâh has no need of
you; but he likes not ingratitude from his slaves:
if you are

grateful, he is pleased with you. . . ” (az-zumar
39:7).

 

there are many âyât in the qur’ân where allâh
makes a contrast between gratitude (shukr) and
ingratitude (kufr)

for example:

“muhammad is no more than a messenger: many were
the messengers that passed away before him. If he
died

or were slain, will you then turn back on your
heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the
least harm will he

do to allâh, but allâh (on the other hand) will
swiftly reward those who (serve him) with
gratitude”

(āl ‘imrân 3:144).

 

the rewards of gratitude

the reward of gratitude is unlimited:

“ . . . If you are grateful, i will add more
(favours) unto you. . . ” (ibrâhîm 14:7)

 

in contrast, other rewards and divine favours are
conditional upon his will, for example, relief
from poverty:

“. . . But if you fear poverty, soon will allâh
enrich you, if he wills. . . ” (at-tawbah 9:28)

answering prayers:

“nay – on him would you call, and if it be his
will, he would remove (the distress) which
occasioned your call

upon him. . . ” (al-an‘âm 6:41).

rizq (sustenance, provision):

“. . . He gives sustenance to whom he pleases”
(ash-shura 42:19).

forgiveness:

“. . . He forgives whom he wills, and he punishes
whom he wills…” (al-fath 48:14).

divine mercy:

“again will allâh, after this, turn (in mercy) to
whom he will. . . ” (at-tawbah 9:27).

 

but allâh has made the reward for gratitude free
from any conditions, as in:

“. . . And swiftly shall we reward those that
(serve us with) gratitude” (āl ‘imrân 3:145).


“but allâh will swiftly reward those who (serve
him) with gratitude” (āl ‘imrân 3:144).

 

iblîs and gratitude

when the enemy of allâh realized the virtue of
gratitude, he made his main aim to keep people
away from it:

“‘then will i assault them from before them and
behind them, from their right and their left: nor
will you find, in

most of them, gratitude (for your mercies). ’”
(al- ā‘râf 7:17)

 

allâh has described the people of gratitude as
being very few:

“. . . But few of my slaves are grateful! ” (sabâ’
43:13).

 

gratitude and ‘ibâdah

allâh explained in the qur’ân that the only people
who truly worship him are those who give thanks
(gratitude) to

him, so those who are not among the people of
gratitude are not among the people of ‘ibâdah:

“. . . And be grateful to allâh, if it is him you
worship” (al-baqarah 2:172)

 

he instructed his slave mûsâ (alayhi sallam) to
accept what he had bestowed upon him with
gratitude:

“. . . O mûsâ! I have chosen you above (other)
men, by the mission i (have given you) and the
words i (have

spoken to you): take then the (revelation) which i
give you, and be of those who give thanks. ”
(al-ā‘râf 7:144)

 

allâh has told us that his pleasure may be
attained through gratitude:

“. . . If you are grateful, he is pleased with
you. . . ” (az-zumar 39:7).

 

allâh praised ibrâhîm (alayhi sallam) for being
grateful for his favours:

“ibrâhîm was indeed a model. Devoutly obedient to
allâh, (and) true in faith, and he joined not gods
with allah.

he showed his gratitude for the favours of allâh,
who chose him, and guided him to a straight way. ”


(an-nahl 16:120-121)

 

allâh mentioned that gratitude is the purpose of
creation:

“it is he who brought you forth from the wombs of
your mothers when you knew nothing; and he gave
you

hearing and sight and intelligence and affection:
that you may give thanks (to allâh). ” (an-nahl,
16:78)

 

“allâh had helped you at badr, when you were a
contemptible little force; then fear allâh; thus
may you show

your gratitude. ” (āl ‘imrân 3:123).

 

as well as being the purpose of creation,
gratitude was also the purpose of sending the
prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam):

“then remember me; i will remember you. Be
grateful to me, and do not reject me. ”
(al-baqarah 2:152). Ith respect, for when it
departs from a household it may never come back to
them. ”

ad-darwardî narrated from ‘amr ibn abî ‘amr from
sa‘îd al-maqburî from abû hurairah (radiallahu
anhu) that the messenger of allâh (sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam) said: allâh said: ‘the position
of the believer in relation to me is of the best:
he praises me even when i am pulling the soul from
his body. ’”

abu hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrated that the
prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “if
any of you would like to see the great blessing of
allâh on him, then let him look at those who are
less fortunate than him, not those who appear
better off than him. ”

Last modified onSaturday, 19 September 2015 15:56
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